How To Become a Student Affairs Administrator: Navigating the Path to Impactful Campus Leadership

View all blog posts under Articles

In the dynamic landscape of higher education, the role student affairs administrators play is paramount.

These professionals are pivotal in shaping the college experience, fostering student development, helping connect learners with resources and cultivating vibrant campus communities.

If you’re considering a career in student affairs, you’re embarking on a journey of profound impact and meaningful engagement. Here, we will explore the qualifications needed to become a student affairs administrator and shed light on the challenges and opportunities inherent in this rewarding profession.

Students in class

What is student affairs, and why is it important?

Student affairs, or student administration, encompasses a diverse range of services and programs designed to support the holistic development of students outside the classroom.

From residence life and student activities to career services and counseling, student affairs professionals work tirelessly to enhance the collegiate experience and promote student success. Unlike academic affairs, which focuses primarily on curriculum and instruction, student affairs prioritizes the co-curricular aspects of college life, emphasizing personal growth, leadership development, and community engagement.

What does a student affairs administrator do?

Student affairs administrators wear many hats, serving as catalysts for student engagement, advocating for student wellness and acting as stewards of campus culture.

The role of student affairs includes:

  • Overseeing residential life programs
  • Coordinating student activities and events
  • Providing counseling and support services
  • Collaborating with faculty and staff to enhance the overall student experience

Student affairs administrators play a vital role in nurturing student success and promoting retention by fostering a supportive and inclusive campus environment.

What are the qualifications for becoming a student affairs administrator?

Aspiring student affairs professionals typically need a combination of education, experience and relevant skills to embark on a career as a student affairs administrator.

While specific requirements may vary depending on the institution and the position, entry and mid-level student affairs administrators typically hold a bachelor’s degree. However, student affairs professionals who wish to advance their careers and pursue higher-level roles and leadership positions will likely need a master’s degree.

Additionally, gaining practical experience through internships, entry-level positions, or volunteer opportunities can provide valuable insights into the field.

To build a proper foundation on which to begin your career in student administration, consider a bachelor’s degree in a relevant area like education, psychology, counseling, social work, or human development and family studies. Undergraduate degrees in these areas may help you get your start in student affairs for certain entry-level positions, but to pursue further opportunities, you’ll need to continue your education.

At the graduate level, aspiring student affairs professionals often pursue a Master of Arts degree in counseling, higher education administration, student affairs administration, or college student personnel. These degree programs provide a solid foundation in student development theory, diversity and inclusion, leadership, organizational management, and crisis intervention, preparing individuals for the diverse responsibilities of working in student affairs.

How to gain relevant, in-the-field experience

As you look to begin or advance your career in student affairs, you’ll find that most positions prefer candidates who have several years of experience in the field in addition to an appropriate education.

While entry-level positions exist in student affairs that don’t require prior experience exist, hiring managers for most higher-level roles will expect you to have operated in the field or partaken in hands-on exercises. Some ways to accrue experience include the following.


Many universities offer internship programs within their student affairs departments. These internships provide hands-on experience in various areas of student affairs such as residence life, student activities, counseling services, and academic advising.

Additionally, internships may be available through other educational institutions, nonprofit organizations, or community agencies that work closely with students.

Entry-level positions

Securing entry-level positions within student affairs departments or related areas can provide valuable experience and opportunities for advancement.

Look for positions such as residence hall coordinator, student activities coordinator, admissions counselor, or academic advisor. These roles allow you to gain practical experience while working closely with students and collaborating with other professionals in the field.

Volunteer opportunities

Volunteering for student-focused organizations or community programs can also help you build relevant experience. Consider volunteering as a mentor, tutor, peer counselor, or event organizer.

These experiences allow you to develop essential skills such as communication, leadership, and problem-solving while positively impacting students’ lives.

Graduate assistantships

Pursuing a graduate degree in higher education administration, counseling, or a related field opens opportunities for graduate assistantships within student affairs departments.

These assistantships typically involve working part-time while pursuing your degree and may include responsibilities such as conducting research, assisting with program development, or providing direct support to students.

Professional development workshops and conferences

Attending workshops, conferences, and seminars on student affairs can enhance your knowledge and skills.

Look for opportunities to participate in professional development activities offered by professional organizations such as the National Association of Student Personnel Administrators (NASPA) or the American College Personnel Association (ACPA). Networking with seasoned professionals and learning from their experiences can also be invaluable as you seek to gain relevant experience.

By actively seeking these opportunities for relevant experience, you can strengthen your qualifications and position yourself for success in a career as a student affairs administrator. Remember to approach each experience with curiosity, enthusiasm, and a commitment to learning and growth.

Skills you can build through real-world experience and classroom learning

Your education and your practical experience can help you build important skills that will help you thrive in student affairs — and help improve your service. Consider the soft skills you will need to have or learn. Critical skills for student affairs administrators include the following.

  • Effective communication
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Organizational experience
  • Persistence and advocacy
  • Problem-solving abilities
  • Strategic thinking and planning
  • A deep commitment to student advocacy and inclusion

The challenges and rewards of working in student affairs

Working in student affairs presents a unique set of challenges, from navigating budget constraints and addressing the diverse needs of students to managing complex interpersonal dynamics and responding to crises.

Amidst these challenges lie abundant opportunities for personal and professional growth, as well as the fulfillment that comes from positively impacting students’ lives. Whether it’s witnessing a student achieve their academic goals, facilitating transformative learning experiences, or fostering a sense of belonging and community, the rewards of working in student affairs are immeasurable.

Career outlook for student affairs professionals

According to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the median student affairs administrator salary for postsecondary education administrators, including student affairs administrators, was $102,610 as of 2023. The demand for professionals to fill student affairs jobs is projected to grow 4% from 2022 to 2032, slightly outpacing the national average of 3% across all careers.

Below are a few examples of the diverse student affairs administration job opportunities available — some of which may have entry-level positions available, while others may typically require a master’s degree and prior experience. Note that the salaries listed are averages based on limited data, and that salaries for student affairs positions may vary dramatically based on factors like organization, location, education level, and your level of experience.

Director of student affairs
Oversees all aspects of student affairs programming and services, including student engagement, counseling, and campus life initiatives.

Data from shows the average salary for this role to be around $83,000 as of 2024. However, BLS data shows a higher average pay for professionals working in postsecondary education, with an average salary of $102,610.

Student activities coordinator
Plans and coordinates a variety of campus events, activities, and programs to enhance student involvement and engagement.

This position tends to come with more modest pay and may be good for a less-experienced student affairs professional. The average salary as of 2024 was about $40,000, according to data from, but the top 10% earn about $52,000 or more.

Residence life coordinator
Manages residential communities, supervises resident assistants, and promotes a positive living environment conducive to student growth and development.

The average salary for this position is around $44,000, according to, with higher-end positions eclipsing $66,000.

Career services advisor
Provides career counseling, resume assistance, and job search support to students, helping them explore career paths and transition into the workforce.

Professionals in this position earn an average salary of about $56,000, according to data from

Student conduct officer
Administers the student conduct process, investigates alleged policy violations, and implements disciplinary actions in accordance with university policies and procedures.

Data from suggests the average salary for this position is around $87,000, with a wide range between around $67,000 and $113,000.

Multicultural affairs coordinator
Develops and implements diversity and inclusion initiatives, cultural programming, and support services to foster a welcoming and inclusive campus community.

According to data from, the average salary for this position is around $74,000.

Student wellness coordinator
Promotes student well-being by providing resources, workshops, and support services related to physical health, mental health, and overall wellness. lists the average annual pay for this position at around $67,500.

Academic advisor
Assists students in academic planning, course selection, and degree progress tracking, offering guidance and support to help them achieve their educational goals.

According to data from, the typical salary for academic advisors is around $60,000.

Admissions counselor
Recruits prospective students, reviews applications, and provides information about academic programs, campus life, and admission requirements to prospective students and their families.

Admissions counselors working at the university level earn an average salary of about $64,000, according to data compiled by

Financial aid advisor
Helps students navigate the financial aid process, provides information about scholarships, grants, and loans, and assists with financial planning and budgeting.

Professionals in this position earn an average salary of about $48,000, according to

Is student affairs right for me?

If you’re passionate about supporting student success, fostering inclusive communities, and creating transformative learning experiences, a career in student affairs may be the perfect fit for you.

Know that student administration is not just a career choice; it’s a calling to champion student success and steward campus culture. By acquiring the necessary qualifications, accepting the challenges and opportunities, and embracing the profession’s rewards, you can make a lasting impact on students’ lives and contribute to the vibrant tapestry of higher education.

If you are ready to embark on your journey to a career as a student affairs administrator, explore the educational programs and resources available at the University of North Dakota and take the first step. We offer an online Master of Arts in Counseling degree that you can complete on your schedule, from anywhere, with specializations in areas like Community Mental Health Counseling, K-12 School Counseling, Rehabilitation Counseling, and Addiction Counseling.

Visit our admissions page for more information regarding the application requirements by program or to contact an advisor.


American College Personnel Association, “Boldly transforming higher education”, “Academic Advisor Salaries”, “Student Conduct Salaries”
National Association of Student Personnel Administrators, “The Compass Report: Charting the Future of Student Affairs”, “Career Services Advisor Salary”, “Director of Multicultural Affairs Salary”, “Financial Aid Advisor Salary in the United States”, “University Admissions Counselor Salary”, “Wellness Coordinator Salary in the United States”
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Postsecondary Education Administrators”, “Residence Life Coordinator Salary”, “Student Activities Coordinator Salary”, “Student affairs dean skills for your resume and career”, “Director Of Student Affairs Salary”